Korean Terminology

Essential Korean Terminology with Pronunciation


BODYPARTS

Forearm Palmok (Pal-Muck)
Palm Sonbadak (Sun-Baduck)
Fist Joomuk (Jum-uck)
Knee Moorup (Mur-up)
Ball of foot Ap Kumchi (Ap-Kum-Chi)

DIRECTIONS & HEIGHT

Front Ap
Back Dwi (Dwee)
Reverse Bandae (Ban-day)
Direct Bakat (Back-a)
Inner An
Inward Anuro (An-aro)
Outward Bakuro (Back-aro)
Low Najunde (Na-jun-day)
Middle Kaunde (Kai-un-day)
High Nopunde (Nap-un-day)

ARM TECHNIQUES

Punch
Strike
Thrust
Elbow strike
Block

Hooking
Double…
Twin…
Downward…
Flying….
Front…
Vertical…
Horizontal….
High…
Middle…
Low…
Direct…
Reverse…
Side…
Upward…
Turning…
U-Shaped…
Outward…
Inward…

Rising…

Pushing…

Angle…

Knifehand…

Checking…

Guarding…

Cicular…

Pressing…

Wedging…

W Shape…

Jirugi (Jur-ugi)
Taerigi (Ter-eegi)
Tulgi (Tul-gee)
Palkup Taerigi (Pal-Kup…Ter-eegi)
Makgi (Mack-ee)
Golcho (Gul-cho)
Doo… (Duu)
Sang…
Naeryo… (Nare-ee-o)
Twimyo…  (Tweem-yo)
Ap…
Sewo… (See-wo)
Soopyong…(Sup-young)
Nopunde… (Nap-un-day)
Kaunde… (Kai-un-day)
Najunde…  (Na-jun-day)
Baro…
Bandae… (Ban-day)
Yop…
Ollyo… (Oll-yo)
Dollyo…(Dul-yo)
Digutja.. (Dig-ut-cha)
Bakuro… (Bak-uro)
Anuro…(An-oro)

Chookyo…(Chok-yo)

Miro…(Mir-o)

Giokja…(Giuk-ja)

Sonkal..(Sun-kal)

Momchau…(Mom-cho)

Daebi…(Debbie)

Dollymo…(Dul-eem-yo)

Noollo…(Nool-yo)

Hechyo…(Hetch-yo)

San…


FOOT TECHNIQUES

Front kick
Side kick
Turning kick
Back kick
Hooking kick
Back Reverse
Downward kick
Rising kick
Hooking kick
Flying kick
Ap Chagi (Ap-Cha-gi)
Yop Chagi (Yop-cha-gi)
Dollyo Chagi (Dul-yo-cha-gi)
Dwit Chagi (Dwit-cha-gi)
Goro Chagi (Go-ro-cha-gi)
Bandae Dollyo Chagi (Ban-day-dul-yo-cha-gi)
Naeryo Chagi (Nay-ree-o-cha-gi)
Cha Olligi (Cha-lee-gi)
Golcho Chagi (Gul-cho-cha-gi)
Twimyo Chagi (Tweem-yo-cha-gi)

STANCES

Stance                               Sogi (Sogee)

Attention stance
Walking stance
L-stance
Closed stance
Parallel stance
Fixed stance
Sitting stance

X-stance
Bending stance
Vertical stance
Rear foot stance
Low stance
Ready stance
Parallel ready stance

Charyot Sogi (Cha-ree-ot)
Gunnun Sogi (Gun-un)
Niunja Sogi (Nee-un-ja)
Moa Sogi (Moe)
Narani Sogi (Nar-anee)
Gojung Sogi (Go-jung)
Annun Sogi  (Ann-un)
Kyocha Sogi (Kai-o-cha)
Guburyo Sogi (Gub-or-eeo)
Soojik Sogi (Sue-Jick)
Dwitbal Sogi (Dwit-bal)
Nachuo Sogi (Nacho)
Junbi Sogi (Jun-bee)
Narani Junbi Sogi (Nar-anee)

DOJANG TERMININOLOGY & TITLES

Training hall
Practice suit

1st – 3rd Degree instructor
4th – 6th Degree instructor
7th – 8th Degree master
9th Degree grandmaster

Do Jang (Do-Jang)
Do Bok   (Do-Buk)

Boo-Sabum (Boo-sab-um)
Sabum (Sab-um)
Sahyun (Sai-un)
Sasung (Sas-ung)